Colombia is located in the north of South America and it is crossed by 3 branches of ” La cordillera de los Andes”, forming the western, central and eastern mountains, providing different ecosystems and views. Colombia borders with Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Venezuela and Panama, as well as the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. It is one of the countries with the biggest biodiversity in the world, and the number one country in birds diversity.
The capital city of Colombia is Bogota, and the country’s population is 41 million.
Colombia is the birthplace of different indigenous tribes, like the Caribes, Motilones, Pijaos, Muiscas and the Tayronas. Tribes have left a big legacy in archeology that today form part of the cultural wealth of Colombia.
At the end of the XV century, the Europeans ventured into Colombia, and in 1525 was founded the first city in Colombia, named Santa Marta. Since that time, Colombia have been through almost 300 years of conquest and colonization, until its independence by a movement commanded by Simon Bolivar, that ends with the Boyaca battle in 1819.